UNITED NATIONS, (APP): A senior Pakistani diplomat Tuesday called for “full compliance” with the 1960 Indus Waters Treaty between India and Pakistan, a country that figures among the top ten water-scarce countries in the world.
“Pakistan’s water scarcity is owed to Pakistan’s status as a lower riparian state with the unpredictable flow of waters in our eastern rivers,” Ambassador Munir Akram said at an event organized by Egypt and Finland in connection with World Water Day.
“Many of our catchment areas and their ecosystems traverse boundaries,” the Pakistani envoy told a large gathering of diplomats and UN officials.
“Changes on the other side of the border have a direct impact on us,” he said.
“Therefore,” Ambassador Akram said, “full compliance of 1960 Indus Waters Treaty is critical for Pakistan.”
“These risks and vulnerabilities are not just academic issues,” he said, pointing to the widespread devastation caused by massive floods in 2010 and 2011, and drought in the province of Sindh in 2014.
“Besides the tragic human and material cost, these water-related threats also impede our ability to accomplish national priorities, promote sustainable growth and development, and ensure economic prosperity for our people.”
Thanking Egypt and Finland for organizing the event, he said that water is inextricably linked to human life and livelihood and the planet’s eco-system while underscoring that it is at the core of sustainable development and impacts all its three dimensions.
“Protection of water as a natural resource is a common thread in Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs),” the Pakistani envoy said, referring in particular to SDG6 Water, SDG13 climate, and SDGs14 and 15 environments.
With agriculture as the mainstay of its economy, Ambassador Akram said, Pakistan attaches great significance to sustainable water management.
Beyond agriculture, water scarcity is already taking a toll on peoples’ life in Pakistan,” he said.
“Besides the tragic human and material cost, these water-related threats also impede our ability to accomplish national
priorities, promote sustainable growth and development, and ensure economic prosperity for our people.”
For effective water management, he called for strengthening cooperation and eco-system approaches.
In this regard, he proposed:
- Standards and regulatory limits should be enhanced and implemented to govern discharge into water bodies, ensure ecological standards in water quality, and maintain the run-off in our rivers in order to maintain ecosystem services.
- Environmental principles like precaution, polluter pays, and no-harm should be observed in maintaining our freshwater resources including trans boundary rivers.
- Consideration should be given to transboundary effects of water-related disasters and priority should be accorded to the exchange of information and joint management of trans boundary water resources including river and lake basins.
- Investments in resilient and sustainable infrastructures in water and sanitation are urgently required to be tripled from the current level to achieve our water-related goals.
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