Ambassador Jamil Ahmed Khan, commenting on the non-consensus and occasional drifting from the essential components of the National Action Plan, pointed towards a lack of coordination and sincerity on the governmental level. Given, the plan was drafted hastily given the pressing need of the hour, however, the absence of a transparent feasibility plan is what seems to be costing its implementation dearly. Dealing with the 20 point NAP not only required a military-centric approach but also political maneuvering and budget allocation for each point. The responsibility for cutting off of terrorist funding and curbing money laundering rests with the government and as such, the persistence of those activities brings the onus on the civilian authorities, particularly Federal authorities.
Analyzing Pakistan’s approach towards dealing with terrorism, the former Chief Security Advisor to United Nations accredited military for being proactive in comparison to civil institutions who displayed a rather pessimistic approach. Despite a complete agreement on the points of the plan, the ineffectiveness in its implementations is possibly down to the Federal and Provincial government.
The mismanagement of the Afghan refugee crisis is another aspect that begs discussion. Being an international humanitarian issue, the matter falls under the jurisdiction of the Geneva Convention 1951. Pakistan, being a signatory to the Geneva Convention, wholeheartedly welcomed the Afghan refugees. Similarly, the conundrum of returning the refugees back should also abide by the Convention. As per the Geneva Convention, refugees cannot be forced back into their home country if the situation back home is not congenial. Further, a framework has to be developed along the lines of joint assessment procedures for the resettlement of refugees. Alternately, other countries of the Convention may be persuaded to share the host country’s burden under the resettlement plans of the Convention.
Such procedural steps seem missing from Pakistan’s approach. What is required is, for our Foreign Policy Office to handle Pakistan’s international image more responsibly and reasonably by developing out-of-the-box policy.