John Jacob’s policy towards criminals termed panacea to crimes, corruption in Pakistani tribal areas

133 sindh university

JAMSHORO: Sindh University scholar Muhammad Ali Panhyar has said that John Jacob had a zero-tolerance policy towards criminals which significantly contributed to peace and stability in the Northern Sindh during British rule.

He said that John Jacob dedicated his life to the development and growth of the upper Sindh and worked for bringing peace to the region adding that he not only conceived the idea of modern irrigation but he also converted his ideas into reality by constructing the Begari Canal, which is the first-ever canal constructed in the upper part of the province.

This he said while conducting his final seminar of M.Phil in Pakistan Study at Pakistan Study Centre, the University of Sindh Jamshoro here on Thursday. His supervisor Prof. Dr. Shuja Ahmed Mahesar, Prof. Dr. Ambreen Zeb Khaskheli, and many other teachers and scholars were present on the occasion.

The scholar further said that Sindh was conquered by the British in 1843 when there was Talpur rule in the area, adding that Charles Napier’s actions in Sindh were criticized in Sindh and England equally especially by John Jacob and Major Outram.

He said that Sir Charles Napier was determined to conquer Sindh for the economic and strategic regions for which he established military-based administration.

“He tried to bring changes in education, irrigation and agriculture systems, however; his administration failed to do so because of the fact that the administration was based on military people who lacked expertise and skills required for improvement of these departments.” the scholar established.

Thus, he added that the efforts to improve the performance of these departments remained unsuccessful and Brigadier John Jacob was posted at Northern Sindh and provided leadership by developing strategies for the defense of Sindh.

“Brigadier General John Jacob had a vision for the welfare of the people of the area. Thus, he became successful in connecting natives with the British. He played a significant role in defending territories of Sindh and contributing to political and economic stability in Sindh”, the scholar said.

Scholar Muhammad Ali further told that John Jacob ensured local participation in development work which enabled people to have a sense of ownership and responsibility.

He added that John Jacob was a great architect who designed the structures and built new houses with the help of modern technology.

“A model town was constructed with all markets which became business hubs in the entire region in those days. He improved and uplifted the lives of the natives”, he said.

The scholar further said that the key objective of John Jacob’s administrative policy was to work for the welfare of people and develop the weak areas.

He said that the personality of John Jacob was ‘Man of words and action’, adding that his actions changed the desert into a green and beautiful modern town.

He said that John Jacob’s administrative policy created the trust and built up the confidence of the locals in the British Government and they in return played their role full of their abilities and capabilities for the development of the area.

He said that John Jacob’s policy contributed to uplift the economy of the local community with the spread of business and trade.

The scholar recommended through his study that historical research must be promoted for learning new lessons from the history of Sindh.

“John Jacob’s administrative experiences should be replicated in the tribal areas of Pakistan for peace and tranquility, ” he recommended.

He established that the prevailing issues of tribal conflicts could be resolved by the use of John Jacob’s policies and thoughts.

“Policy of tolerance and peace adopted by John Jacob can be used today to deal with the growing crime in tribal society. His ideas should be used by the government to improve canal irrigation in Sindh for the benefit of cultivation”, the scholar suggested and said that the ruling elite might learn a lesson from the political strategies of John Jacob to deal with the tribal conflicts and rampant corruption and crime in the society.

In public defense, the scholar successfully defended his M.Phil thesis and qualified for the degree.

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